University of Cincinnati Lindner College of Business

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Differential effects of mother's and child's postnatal WIC participation on breastfeeding

Author(s): Iryna Topolyan, Xu Xu

Status: Published
Year: 2016
Publication Name: Applied Economics
Volume: 49, Issue: 23, Page Number(s): 2216-2225


We evaluate the effect of postnatal participation in the Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) programme on breastfeeding decisions using the data from the IFPS II. We find that the infant’s WIC participation positively affects the hazard of discontinuing breastfeeding, both partial and exclusive (and is thus associated with abbreviated breastfeeding duration). No significant association is found between the mother’s participation and the hazards of stopping exclusive or partial breastfeeding. Such differential effects might be a result of the programme’s policy, according to which the infant, but not the mother needs to be enrolled to receive free formula.


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