University of Cincinnati Lindner College of Business

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Incentivizing Green Single-Family Construction: Identifying Effective Government Policies and Their Features

Author(s): Shaun Bond

Status: Published
Year: 2016
Publication Name: Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics
Volume: 52, Issue: 4, Page Number(s): 383-407


For more than a decade, governments have been incentivizing, and now requiring, private developers to construct energy efficient, sustainable projects. We examine the effectiveness of green single-family construction incentive programs. A cross-sectional comparison of municipalities with and without green private residential incentive programs indicates which government levels of policy issuance and which types of certification programs prove most successful, and when those impacts should be expected. Findings indicate that only municipalities experience success with construction-related policies, which may be tailored to their local market’s construction demands. Business-related policies, however, prove effective at all levels of government implementation, with particular success at the state level. Lastly, event studies and multiyear window data indicates that green incentive policies elicit the greatest change 2 to 3 years after their implementation.


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