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Robust Hypothesis Testing via Lq-LikelihoodAuthor(s): Yichen Qin, C. Priebe
Publication Name: Statistica Sinica, Page Number(s): 33
This article introduces a robust hypothesis testing procedure: the Lq-likelihood-ratio-type test (LqRT). By deriving the asymptotic distribution of this test statistic, the authors demonstrate its robustness both analytically and numerically, and they investigate the properties of both its influence function and its breakdown point. A proposed method to select the tuning parameter q offers a good efficiency/robustness trade-off, compared with the traditional likelihood ratio test (LRT) and other robust tests. A simulation and real data analysis provides further evidence of the advantages of the proposed LqRT method. In particular, for the special case of testing the location parameter in the presence of gross error contamination, the LqRT dominates the Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test and the sign test at various levels of contamination.