University of Cincinnati Lindner College of Business

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Time-Varying Beta and the Value Premium

Author(s): Hui Guo, Yan Yu

Status: Published
Year: 2017
Publication Name: Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis
Volume: 52, Issue: 4, Page Number(s): 1551-1576


Abstract

We model conditional market beta and alpha as flexible functions of state variables identified via a formal variable selection procedure. In the post-1963 sample, beta of the value premium comoves strongly with unemployment, inflation, and price-earnings ratio in a countercyclical manner. We also uncover a novel nonlinear dependence of alpha on business conditions: It falls sharply and becomes even negative during severe economic downturns but is positive and flat otherwise. Conditional CAPM performs better than unconditional CAPM but does not fully explain the value premium. Our findings are consistent with a conditional CAPM with rare disasters.


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